The language of strategy has changed: a traditional, well-defined set of rules has been replaced by a new one in which all is vague. The dividing line between policy and strategy has become shadowy and confusion reigns over the role of nuclear weapons and the use of military intervention.
If the European Union wants to be a serious political player in a rapidly changing world, it needs to devise a geopolitical strategy based on where its territorial interests lie. In defining its boundaries, geographical priorities and alliances, the ability to bring its weight to bear in the world order will be greatly enhanced.
Conventional arms control is critical to security in Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals. Conceived during the Cold War, the system is now being criticised for its lack of ability to change with the times, despite having proved its effectiveness in the past. Widespread renewal of conventional weapons and the conflict in Georgia in August 2008 serve to remind us of its continuing pertinence. The author sees modernisation of the system as essential.