The Democratic Republic of the Congo EUFOR (EUFOR DRC) marks the first German military engagement as a European framework nation in Africa. 2006 saw the publication of a new white paper on the security policy that will replace the preceding Weissbuch zur Sicherheitspolitik that dates back 12 years. In the context of its presidencies of the G8 and the European Union, Berlin will include Africa among its priorities. Now is the time to re-examine the German approach to peace and security in that continent. Berlin is aware of the inescapable need for a common response in the face of the long-term global issues raised by a continent undergoing profound social and demographic changes. Like Paris, it is participating in the definition of concepts designed to implement the European Union’s African Strategy of December 2005. However, as far as the peace and security aspects of this strategy are concerned, some ambiguity in the Franco-German position remains.